Showing 132 results for Health
The United States confronts a potential national security threat each time a new outbreak of infectious disease occurs anywhere in the world. Our military must be able to deploy safely to wherever they are required to operate. The disease threats seen abroad can also impact the civilian population. The nationwide spread of H1N1 flu in 2009, of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in Indiana in 2013, and the presence of Ebola in Texas in 2014 are recent reminders of this reality. As the current COVID-19 pandemic shows, an unwarned highly contagious virus can rapidly overwhelm medical systems worldwide.
Our deployed service members are exposed to adversary activity and numerous naturally occurring or engineered threats including chemicals, viruses, and bacteria. To protect them, BTO is developing technologies that can rapidly detect and characterize these threats. In addition, BTO is developing novel biological approaches to sense and report adversary activities on land and at sea.
for Interface Stability over Time (HIST) effort identifies leading mechanisms
of interface degradation and failure. HIST teams are also developing new
invasive and non-invasive histology methods to assess
neural-recording-interface status and performance, accurate predictive models
of interface performance, and methods to reduce the time required to assess and
develop robust interfaces.
The Reliable Central-Nervous-System (CNS)
Interfaces (RCI) effort seeks to demonstrate CNS interfaces that dramatically
extend their performance and lifetime. RCI includes strategies for reliably
recording motor-control information from a variety of sources, such as
single-unit action potentials, local field potentials, electrocorticography
(ECoG) and electroencephalography (EEG). This effort focuses on developing
amputee-relevant behavioral-testing methods to accurately evaluate the
reliability of CNS-interface systems prior to testing in the intended patient
The Reliable Peripheral Interfaces (RPI) effort seeks to
demonstrate peripheral-nervous-system (PNS) interfaces that can reliably extract
motor-control information for intuitive control of high-performance upper-limb
prosthetics. This effort includes a variety of PNS-interface approaches such as
nerve cuffs, penetrating electrode arrays, regenerative interfaces,
tissue-engineered biological constructs, non-penetrating devices, invasive
electromyography (EMG) and sensory-input (stimulation) systems.