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Seeing Through the Fog (and Dust and Snow) of War

MFRF
Degraded visibility—which encompasses diverse environmental conditions including severe weather, dust kicked up during takeoff and landing and poor visual contrast among different parts of terrain—often puts both the safety and effectiveness of tactical helicopter operations at risk. Current sensor systems that can provide the necessary visualization through obscurants struggle with latency and are too large, heavy and power-intensive to comply with military rotary wing operations.    Article 
MFRF
Warrior Web - Wyss Institute 144

Lightweight, Soft Exosuit Aims to Prevent Musculoskeletal Injury in Warfighters

Warrior Web 

Harvard University’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering is continuing development of a lightweight, soft exosuit for DARPA’s Warrior Web program, which is aimed at creating technologies that mitigate musculoskeletal injuries among warfighters while improving performance. The Wyss team is seeking to integrate component technologies developed in separate Warrior Web efforts into a prototype suit that offers expanded capabilities. DARPA plans to test the final suit in appropriate mission profiles under realistic loads to evaluate performance. Article 

Dialysis Like Therapeutics 144

Blood-cleansing “Artificial Spleen” Technology Could Increase Survival Odds for Future Sepsis Patients

Shield 

Sepsis—a life-threatening over-reaction by the immune system to infection—afflicts 18 million people a year worldwide and kills between 30 and 50 percent of them. Sepsis poses a significant threat to warfighters who suffer combat injuries that predispose them to infection. Antibiotics can kill sepsis-inducing microbes but their overuse is contributing to the threat of drug-resistant microbes and they don’t neutralize the toxins that some pathogens leave behind. Commercial dialysis equipment can remove toxins from the blood but is not built for routine use in theater. Article

SIMPLEX seeks to use mathematical models and tools to represent complex, diverse scientific data in a computable format to speed discovery, analysis and hypothesis generation. This diagram depicts the iterative discovery process that SIMPLEX aims to facilitate.

New Mathematical Tools Seen as Key to Maximizing Value of Scientific Data and Accelerating Discovery

SIMPLEX seeks to use mathematical models and tools to represent complex, diverse scientific data in a computable format to speed discovery, analysis and hypothesis generation. This diagram depicts the iterative discovery process that SIMPLEX aims to facilitate. 

The exponential growth of diverse science data represents an unprecedented opportunity to make substantial advances in complex science and engineering, such as discovery of novel materials or drugs. However, without tools to unify principles, results, models and other kinds of data into a single computational representation, it is difficult to relate data from any one scientific problem or area to the broader body of knowledge. Article

Electronic-Photonic Heterogeneous Integration 144

DARPA Program “Grows” Lasers Directly on Silicon-Based Microchips

Caption: Optical micrograph of III-V lasers monolithically integrated on Silicon substrates 

DARPA’s Electronic-Photonic Heterogeneous Integration (E-PHI) program has successfully integrated billions of light-emitting dots on silicon to create an efficient silicon-based laser. The breakthrough, achieved by researchers working on the program at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), will enable the production of inexpensive and robust microsystems that exceed the performance capabilities of current technologies.  Article 

GXVT 144

GXV-T Envisions Future Armored Ground Vehicles that Could Sprint, Dodge and Shield Their Way Out of Danger

GXVT 

One of the key goals of DARPA's Ground X-Vehicle Technology (GXV-T) program is improving the survivability of ground-based armored fighting vehicles by increasing vehicle agility. Vehicle agility involves the ability to autonomously avoid incoming threats, either by rapidly moving out of the way or reconfiguring the vehicle so incoming threats have a low probability of hitting and penetrating—all without injuring the occupants in the process. This concept video illustrates three of many potential approaches: active repositioning of armor, burst acceleration and suspensions that would enable the vehicle to dodge. Article 

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