Over the years, DARPA has been known as ARPA. Below is the history of its name:
ARPA 1958 - DoD Directive 5105.15, establishing the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), was signed on February 7, 1958. The directive gave ARPA the responsibility "for the direction or performance of such advanced projects in the field of research and development as the Secretary of Defense shall, from time to time, designate by individual project or by category."
DARPA 1972 - On March 23, 1972, by DoD Directive, DARPA was established as a separate defense agency under the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
ARPA 1993 - On February 22, 1993, DARPA was redesignated as ARPA, as outlined in President Bill Clinton's strategy paper, "Technology for America's Economic Growth, A New Direction to Build Economic Strength."
DARPA 1996 - On February 10, 1996, Public Law 104-106, under Title IX of the Fiscal Year 1996 Defense Authorization Act, directed the name be changed back to DARPA.
What does the future hold for the Agency’s name this coming decade? Are there changes on the horizon? Check back for the next edition of the DARPA name chronicles.